Lectionary Summaries Provided by Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod


(23 February 2020)


Exodus 24:8–18
2 Peter 1:16–21
Matthew 17:1–9


God Manifests His Glory in the Body of Christ Jesus, Transfigured for Us by His Cross


The Transfiguration confirms “the prophetic word … to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place” (2 Peter 1:19). The divine glory of Jesus is manifested in the word of His apostles, who were “eyewitnesses of his majesty” (2 Peter 1:16). “He was transfigured before them, and his face shone like the sun” (Matt. 17:2). Moses and Elijah witnessed the fulfillment of the Old Testament in this Lord Jesus, and the Father testified concerning Him: “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased” (Matt. 17:5). By His own blood, shed on the cross, Jesus makes and seals the new covenant with us. Hence, “the appearance of the glory of the Lord” is no longer “like a devouring fire” (Ex. 24:17), but it is graciously revealed in His own body. As “Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel” went up the mountain with Moses and “beheld God, and ate and drank” (Ex. 24:9, 11), we also behold the Lord our God in Christ Jesus, and we abide with Him as we eat and drink His body and blood at the altar.




The Transfiguration of Our Lord - 23 February 2020


Old Testament:


Exodus 24:8-18
    And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, "Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words."
    [9] Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up, [10] and they saw the God of Israel. There was under his feet as it were a pavement of sapphire stone, like the very heaven for clearness. [11] And he did not lay his hand on the chief men of the people of Israel; they beheld God, and ate and drank.
    [12] The Lord said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their instruction." [13] So Moses rose with his assistant Joshua, and Moses went up into the mountain of God. [14] And he said to the elders, "Wait here for us until we return to you. And behold, Aaron and Hur are with you. Whoever has a dispute, let him go to them."
    [15] Then Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. [16] The glory of the Lord dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. [17] Now the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a devouring fire on the top of the mountain in the sight of the people of Israel. [18] Moses entered the cloud and went up on the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.


Psalm 2:6-12
    "As for me, I have set my King
        on Zion, my holy hill."
    [7] I will tell of the decree:
    The Lord said to me, "You are my Son;
        today I have begotten you.
    [8] Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage,
        and the ends of the earth your possession.
    [9] You shall break them with a rod of iron
        and dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel."
    [10] Now therefore, O kings, be wise;
        be warned, O rulers of the earth.
    [11] Serve the Lord with fear,
        and rejoice with trembling.
    [12] Kiss the Son,
        lest he be angry, and you perish in the way,
        for his wrath is quickly kindled.
    Blessed are all who take refuge in him.



2 Peter 1:16-21
    For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. [17] For when he received honor and glory from God the Father, and the voice was borne to him by the Majestic Glory, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased," [18] we ourselves heard this very voice borne from heaven, for we were with him on the holy mountain. [19] And we have something more sure, the prophetic word, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, [20] knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone's own interpretation. [21] For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.




Matthew 17:1-9
    And after six days Jesus took with him Peter and James, and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. [2] And he was transfigured before them, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became white as light. [3] And behold, there appeared to them Moses and Elijah, talking with him. [4] And Peter said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good that we are here. If you wish, I will make three tents here, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah." [5] He was still speaking when, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and a voice from the cloud said, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him." [6] When the disciples heard this, they fell on their faces and were terrified. [7] But Jesus came and touched them, saying, "Rise, and have no fear." [8] And when they lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus only.
    [9] And as they were coming down the mountain, Jesus commanded them, "Tell no one the vision, until the Son of Man is raised from the dead."



(26 February 2020)


Joel 2:12–19
2 Corinthians 5:20b—6:10
Matthew 6:1–6, 16–21


Return to the Lord Your God with All Your Heart, for He Has Reconciled You to Himself


On Ash Wednesday, we come down from the mountain with Jesus and set our face toward His cross and Passion in Jerusalem. We make our pilgrimage with Him by way of repentance, and thus we return to our dying and rising in Holy Baptism. Christ Jesus, “who knew no sin,” became our sin, so that by His death we are released from sin and in His resurrection we “become the righteousness of God” (2 Cor. 5:21). As God has thereby reconciled the world to Himself in Christ, “now is the favorable time; behold, now is the day of salvation” (2 Cor. 6:2). He has provided the sacrificial Lamb, and He has left “a blessing behind him, a grain offering and a drink offering” (Joel 2:14) in the Eucharist. He summons us to return to Him with all our heart because He is “gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love” (Joel 2:13). We do so with faith and confidence in Him, and so we pray to Him as our Father, give to the needy from a heart of love, and fast for the sake of repentance (Matt. 6:3–4, 6, 17–18).


Old Testament:


Joel 2:12-19
    "Yet even now," declares the Lord,
        "return to me with all your heart,
    with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning;
        [13] and rend your hearts and not your garments."
    Return to the Lord, your God,
        for he is gracious and merciful,
    slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love;
        and he relents over disaster.
    [14] Who knows whether he will not turn and relent,
        and leave a blessing behind him,
    a grain offering and a drink offering
        for the Lord your God?
    [15] Blow the trumpet in Zion;
        consecrate a fast;
    call a solemn assembly;
        [16] gather the people.
    Consecrate the congregation;
        assemble the elders;
    gather the children,
        even nursing infants.
    Let the bridegroom leave his room,
        and the bride her chamber.
    [17] Between the vestibule and the altar
        let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep
    and say, "Spare your people, O Lord,
        and make not your heritage a reproach,
        a byword among the nations.
    Why should they say among the peoples,
        'Where is their God?' "
    [18] Then the Lord became jealous for his land
        and had pity on his people.
    [19] The Lord answered and said to his people,
        "Behold, I am sending to you
        grain, wine, and oil,
        and you will be satisfied;
    and I will no more make you
        a reproach among the nations.


Psalm 51:1-19
    To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet went to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.

    Have mercy on me, O God,
        according to your steadfast love;
    according to your abundant mercy
        blot out my transgressions.
    [2] Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity,
        and cleanse me from my sin!
    [3] For I know my transgressions,
        and my sin is ever before me.
    [4] Against you, you only, have I sinned
        and done what is evil in your sight,
    so that you may be justified in your words
        and blameless in your judgment.
    [5] Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity,
        and in sin did my mother conceive me.
    [6] Behold, you delight in truth in the inward being,
        and you teach me wisdom in the secret heart.
    [7] Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean;
        wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
    [8] Let me hear joy and gladness;
        let the bones that you have broken rejoice.
    [9] Hide your face from my sins,
        and blot out all my iniquities.
    [10] Create in me a clean heart, O God,
        and renew a right spirit within me.
    [11] Cast me not away from your presence,
        and take not your Holy Spirit from me.
    [12] Restore to me the joy of your salvation,
        and uphold me with a willing spirit.
    [13] Then I will teach transgressors your ways,
        and sinners will return to you.
    [14] Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God,
        O God of my salvation,
        and my tongue will sing aloud of your righteousness.
    [15] O Lord, open my lips,
        and my mouth will declare your praise.
    [16] For you will not delight in sacrifice, or I would give it;
        you will not be pleased with a burnt offering.
    [17] The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit;
        a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
    [18] Do good to Zion in your good pleasure;
        build up the walls of Jerusalem;
    [19] then will you delight in right sacrifices,
        in burnt offerings and whole burnt offerings;
        then bulls will be offered on your altar.




2 Cor. 5:20b-6:10
     We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God. [21] For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
    [6:1] Working together with him, then, we appeal to you not to receive the grace of God in vain. [2] For he says,

    "In a favorable time I listened to you,
        and in a day of salvation I have helped you."

Behold, now is the favorable time; behold, now is the day of salvation. [3] We put no obstacle in anyone's way, so that no fault may be found with our ministry, [4] but as servants of God we commend ourselves in every way: by great endurance, in afflictions, hardships, calamities, [5] beatings, imprisonments, riots, labors, sleepless nights, hunger; [6] by purity, knowledge, patience, kindness, the Holy Spirit, genuine love; [7] by truthful speech, and the power of God; with the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and for the left; [8] through honor and dishonor, through slander and praise. We are treated as impostors, and yet are true; [9] as unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and behold, we live; as punished, and yet not killed; [10] as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, yet possessing everything.




Matthew 6:1-6
    "Beware of practicing your righteousness before other people in order to be seen by them, for then you will have no reward from your Father who is in heaven.
    [2] "Thus, when you give to the needy, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. [3] But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, [4] so that your giving may be in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.
    [5] "And when you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites. For they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. [6] But when you pray, go into your room and shut the door and pray to your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.

Matthew 6:16-21
    "And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. [17] But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, [18] that your fasting may not be seen by others but by your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.
    [19] "Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal, [20] but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal. [21] For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.